11 Popular African Dog Breeds

African Dog Breeds
Photo by reinout_dujardin1

Dogs have been the faithful companions of humans since the very beginning. And that’s why they are one of the most popular pets worldwide, no matter their size or origin. 

People who live in Africa have also noticed how valuable these animals can be, which is why there are quite a few African dog breeds you can find on that continent and elsewhere!

So if you are thinking about getting one of these African dog breeds, check out this list first.

1. Rhodesian Ridgeback

Rhodesian Ridgebacks are one of the most popular African dog breeds. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and strength. 

Rhodesian Ridgebacks make great family dogs and are protective of their loved ones. If you’re looking for a dog who will be a lifelong companion, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a great choice.

2. Boerboel

The Boerboel is a large, Molosser-type breed from South Africa. Its name means farmer’s dog in Afrikaans. The Boerboel was bred to be a working dog and is still used for hunting and guarding today. 

This breed is brilliant and trainable. They are also loyal and protective of their family and home. Meanwhile, some common health problems for Boerboels include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and bloating.

3. Azawakh

Azawakhs are elegant and slender sighthounds that are native to West Africa. These African dog breeds are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and speed and make excellent companions and watchdogs. 

Azawakhs are relatively rare in the United States, but they are becoming more popular as people learn about this beautiful breed. If you’re looking for a unique dog that is sure to turn heads, an Azawakh may be the perfect choice for you!

4. Sloughi

The Sloughi is a North African sighthound often described as having a noble or regal bearing. These dogs are lean and athletic, with long legs and curved tails. They come in various colors, including brindle, fawn, black, and gray. 

The Sloughi is an intelligent breed that is easy to train. They are also known for being very independent and aloof with strangers.

5. Basenji

The Basenji is a small, short-haired hunting dog from central Africa. Though their exact origins are unknown, they are considered one of the oldest dog breeds. Basenjis were brought to Europe in the 1800s, where they gained popularity as companion dogs. 

Today, they are still relatively rare, but their unique appearance and personality make them a popular choice for dog lovers looking for something different.

Basenjis are intelligent and independent, and they require minimal grooming. A Basenji may be the perfect dog for you if you’re looking for an unusual but loving companion.

6. Abyssinian Sand Terrier

The Abyssinian Sand Terrier is a popular African dog breed known for its loyalty and friendly nature. This breed is also one of the most intelligent African dog breeds. Making them easy to train.

Also, Abyssinian Sand Terriers are perfect for families with children and other pets, as they get along well with everyone. If you’re looking for a loving and devoted companion, the Abyssinian Sand Terrier is the perfect breed for you!

7. African Wild Dog

The African Wild Dog is a highly social animal, living in packs with separate dominance hierarchies for males and females. These beautiful creatures are endangered, with only around 6,600 in the wild. 

Though they once ranged across much of Africa, they now only inhabit a few small areas. If you’re interested in owning an African Wild Dog, be prepared to provide a lot of space for them to run. And plenty of toys to keep them occupied, as they are very active dogs.

8. Coton de Tulear

The Coton de Tulear is a small, fluffy dog from Madagascar’s island. These dogs are known for their friendly and affectionate nature, and they make excellent companion animals.

The Coton de Tulear is not a very common breed in the United States, but they are growing in popularity. 

These African dog breeds do well in warm climates and love to play fetch and go for walks. If you’re looking for a unique breed of dog, the Coton de Tulear may be a perfect choice!

9. Aidi

The Aidi is a loyal and protective dog breed native to the Atlas Mountains in Africa. These dogs were initially bred to guard livestock, but they make excellent family pets. 

Aidis are intelligent and quick learners, but they can also be stubborn at times. If you’re looking for a watchdog, the Aidi is an excellent choice.

10. AfriCanis

The AfriCanis is a large, powerful dog breed native to Africa. These African dog breeds are known for their strength and size and are often used as working dogs in Africa. 

AfriCanis dogs are loyal and protective of their families and make excellent guard dogs. These dogs need plenty of exercise and space to run, so they are not well suited for life in an apartment or small home. 

Furthermore, AfriCanis dogs are intelligent and trainable, but they can sometimes be stubborn. This breed is not for first-time dog owners, as they require patience and firm training methods.

11. Greyhound

The Greyhound is one of the most popular African dog breeds. Though they are known for their speed, they are also gentle and loving dogs that make great companions. Greyhounds are relatively easy to care for and can live happily in small and large homes. 

The Greyhound may be the perfect breed for you if you’re looking for a loyal and affectionate dog! Other features of Greyhound include an average lifespan of 10-13 years and an average weight between 55-75 pounds.


There are many African dog breeds, but only a few are popular. They range from the tiniest lap dog to the most significant canine. Hopefully, this post will help you decide which breed is best for you and your family. 

If you’re interested in adopting a dog, please make sure it’s safe to bring them into your home country. It may not be legal or practical.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like