American Bulldog: Dog Breed Profile and Information

The stout but muscular American bulldog is a friendly and protective pet. Despite their intimidating size, their fondness for kids makes them great family dogs.

If you plan on owning an American bulldog for a pet, then expect an amazingly loyal, friendly, and energetic dog. These active dogs are devoted companions that are always ready to make you happy.

American bulldogs possess powerful jaws and box-like heads, making it easy to distinguish them. Despite their boxlike appearance, these dogs are quite energetic and light on their feet.

These dogs enjoy quick walks with their owners. That’s why routine exercise is crucial for these healthy dogs to stay active. They may become destructive if they are not given proper training.

This breed does better with owners who have time and experience with handling them. You’d get a perfect protective American bulldog, mostly when they are trained from pups.

Including positive training, techniques will strengthen their level of friendliness to everyone they meet.

Breed overview

  • Height: 20 to 28 inches
  • Weight: 60 to 120 pounds
  • Group: Non-Sporting
  • Coat: Smooth, short coat
  • Coat color: White with patches of brindle, black, brown, or shades of red or gray
  • Life expectancy: 8 to 10 years

Characteristics of the American Bulldog

  • Affection Level: High
  • Friendliness: High
  • Protectiveness: High
  • Pet-Friendly: Medium
  • Kid-Friendly: High
  • Playfulness: High
  • Exercise needs: High
  • Trainability: Medium
  • Intelligence: Medium
  • Energy level: Medium
  • Amount of shedding: Low
  • Tendency to bark: Medium


History has made us understand that bulldogs were formerly used for bull-baiting. This was more prevalent in the 17th century. It was a morbid sport involving bulls fighting dogs.

Even though the horrid game has phased out, bulldogs have been able to warm their way into the lives of families in England. It also became a national symbol.

The English bulldog was delivered to North America to work dogs on farms because of how strong they are.

Farmers keep them with other working dogs to produce a more resourceful work dog.

Their loyalty, intelligence, and agility make them an excellent choice for both hunting and herding.

As bulldogs developed, they became more good-looking and friendly that most families in North America wanted one. Bulldogs became mascots for plenty of schools and organizations like Yale and Georgetown University.

Their terrifying looks and strength make them the perfect figure for competitive sports teams. Also, in 1999, The United Kennel Club recognized the American bulldog as a recognizable breed.

Caring for American Bulldogs

Minimum care and grooming are needed for the American bulldog’s short, elegant coat; nonetheless, they shed year-round. These dogs don’t mind weekly brushing and grooming of their fur to help them manage to shed.

It is essential that owners take their American bulldogs for regular quick walks, time at the park, and appropriate space to socialize to avoid destructive behavior and boredom.

In the absence of adequate stimulation and exercise, American Bulldogs may exhibit unwelcome behavior, such as chewing on important things around. This is why proper attention is needed to keep these dogs.

Training is completely essential. Bulldogs are generally protective, and sometimes they can be too protective. They require a helping hand when it comes to appropriate socialization and adequate behavior.

Even though their fur is somewhat low-maintenance, bulldogs drool in excess; however, owners have nothing to worry about since their drool is natural. It is essential to keep any wrinkles free from too much moisture to avoid infections and bacteria buildup.

American bulldogs, like other dogs, need consistent ear cleaning, baths, and nail trimming. Their nails should be maintained every now and then to avoid joint complications and pain.

To prevent ear infections, their ears should be cleaned at least once a month.

Common health issues

Ordinarily, all dogs can have health complications, and the American bulldog is on this list. Bulldogs have been noticed to experience allergies triggered by an overactive immune system.

Their symptoms may be manageable if they don’t grow out of them.

It may be more beneficial to get an allergy test done. You may want to also pay closer attention to what you feed your dog.

Licking paws or red and itchy skin is a common indication of food allergies in dogs. Consult with your veterinarian if you notice these symptoms.

American bulldogs are prone to many other conditions, such as:

Hip or elbow dysplasia

These conditions are preventable by maintaining a healthy weight. Ensure to include vitamins (like omega-3 fatty acids) in their diet to support healthy joints.

Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

This is a disorder in the genetic nervous system. To determine if the disorder would affect your dog, your veterinarian can run a genetic test.

It’s advisable to request this test before you adopt an American bulldog from any breeder.

Diet and nutrition

The American bulldog needs food rich in protein, especially since they are very active and muscular. They should be feed foods like meat, omega-3 fatty acids to optimize health, and some carbs to control weight gain.

Because some bulldogs can become overweight quickly, it’s best to try a veterinarian-approved diet.

Owners who are unsure of their pet’s allergies could try other sources of protein before settling.

Switching foods can negatively affect dogs’ digestion, so it’s best to allow a gradual transition over several days to guarantee your pup is healthy.


  • Friendly, family companions
  • Low maintenance coat
  • Active dogs


  • Prone to drooling
  • Requires plenty of exercises
  • May need a specialized diet

Where to buy or adopt an American Bulldog

There are American veterinarian-approved diet breeders situated in nearly every state around America. Always request a health guarantee before getting a bulldog from a breeder.

Any relevant medical history should give you some information on the dog you are getting. Breed-specific rescue organizations are also another alternative to try.

The American Bulldog Rescue (ABR) specializes in searching for forever homes for the American bulldog, and they operate in the Northeastern United States.

Other dog breeds and further research

If you’re interested in reading about different dog breeds, you’ll love;

  • Bracco Italiano
  • American Pitbull Terrier
  • Boxer

Do feel free to leave your thought in the comments below.

You May Also Like