25 Types of Mastiff Dog Breeds

Types of Mastiff Dog Breeds
Photo by Keenan Barber

Mastiff dogs have been in existence since time immemorial. And have always held a special place in the hearts of most dog lovers. Dog breeds like the English Mastiff and Bullmastiff. 

And the Pyrenean Mastiff is just some of the types of Mastiff dog breeds that exist worldwide today. This article will detail about 7different types of Mastiff dog breeds that you can add to your family.

Therefore, if you plan to add one to your home anytime soon or in the future, or are just interested in learning more about them, regardless of whether you plan on owning one or not.

Also, choose the right dog breed to bring into your home. It’s best to consider each breed’s specific needs and characteristics to help you find the right fit.

If you’re interested in mastiff dogs, check out this guide to learn more. That is more about some of the different types of mastiff dog breeds.

Table of Contents

  1. Caucasian Shepherd 
  2. Canary Mastiff 
  3. Tibetan Mastiff 
  4. Bullmastiff 
  5. English Mastiff 
  6. Argentinian Mastiff 
  7. Cane Corso 
  8. Dogue de Bordeaux 
  9. German Mastiff 
  10. Alangu Mastiff 
  11. Abruzzese Mastiff 
  12. American Mastiff 
  13. Dutch Mastiff 
  14. Brazilian Mastiff 
  15. Italian Mastiff 
  16. Korean Mastiff 
  17. Neapolitan Mastiff 
  18. Pyrenean Mastiff 
  19. Spanish Mastiff 
  20. Turkish Mastiff 
  21. Gaddi Kutta
  22. South African Mastiff 
  23. Sarabi Mastiff 
  24. Anatolian Mastiff 
  25. Japanese Mastiff

Caucasian Shepherd

The Caucasian Shepherd is a large, imposing dog breed initially bred in the Caucasus Mountains. These dogs are fiercely loyal and protective, making them excellent guard dogs. They are also intelligent and trainable, although they can sometimes be independent.

However, Caucasian Shepherds typically have a thick, double coat in various colors, including white, black, and brown.

These dogs are significant and consequential types of mastiff dog breeds. They stand anywhere from 24 to 33 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 200 pounds.

Canary Mastiff

The Canary Mastiff is a large, powerful dog initially bred in the Canary Islands. These dogs are heavily built, with thick bones and large muscles. They have a short, dense coat that comes in black, brindle, or fawn.

However, the head is large and square, with a short muzzle. The ears are small and close to the head. The eyes are dark and set wide apart. And the Canary Mastiff is a calm, loyal dog that makes an excellent guard dog.

Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is a large, powerful dog with a dense coat that comes in various colors. They are considered one of the oldest types of mastiff dog breeds and are known for their loyalty and courage. 

Moreso, Tibetan Mastiffs are used as working dogs in many parts of the world and make excellent guard dogs.

Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff is a large, short-coated dog breed. They are very muscular with a large head and square jaw. The coat is usually fawn or brindle, with black shading on the face and ears.

However, they are loyal and protective of their family but can be aggressive if not properly trained. Bullmastiffs typically weigh between 100-130 pounds and stand 24-27 inches tall at the shoulder.

English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is the world’s largest and heaviest breed of dog. They typically weigh between 150 to 250 pounds. 

Also, they are one of the oldest types of mastiff dog breeds, with a history dating back to ancient Rome. English Mastiffs are known for their gentle and loving nature, making them great family pets. 

However, they can be territorial and protective, so early socialization is essential. Some common health problems associated with this breed include hip dysplasia and bloat.

Argentinian Mastiff

The Argentinian Mastiff is a large, dominant dog breed with a robust build. This type of Mastiff was originally bred in Argentina to guard livestock. The Argentinian Mastiff is an intelligent and loyal dog that makes an excellent guard dog and family pet.

However, this mastiff breed is large and muscular, with a short, thick coat that can be any color. The Argentinian Mastiff has a life expectancy of 10-12 years. 

Cane Corso

The Cane Corso is a large, powerful dog breed with a muscular build. This is one of the types of mastiff dog breed that was initially bred in Italy. This is to guard property and hunt wild boars.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also called the French Mastiff, is a large, muscular dog with a short, fine coat. The breed is known for its loyalty and guardian instincts. The Dogue de Bordeaux is an ancient breed popular in France during the Middle Ages.

However, the dog was used in many ways, including a hunting dog and a guard dog. And even as a working dog in some cases.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is still a popular breed in France and other parts of Europe. The breed has also gained popularity in the United States in recent years.

German Mastiff

The German Mastiff is a large and powerful dog breed originally bred for hunting large game. These mastiff dog breeds are loyal and protective, making them great family pets. German Mastiffs are typically calm and patient but can be stubborn and require firm training.

However, this breed is not for first-time dog owners. Some common health problems associated with the German Mastiff include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and bloat.

Alangu Mastiff

The Alangu Mastiff dog breed is one of the most ancient and popular types of mastiff dog breeds worldwide. There are seven different types of Mastiff dog breeds, each with its unique history and appearance. 

However, the first type of Mastiff is the English Mastiff, which is the largest and most well-known type. The English Mastiff is a gentle giant known for being loving and loyal to their family. 

And the second type of Mastiff is the French Mastiff, also known as the Dogue de Bordeaux. This Mastiff is slightly smaller than the English Mastiff but is just as loyal and loving. The French Mastiff has a short, wrinkled face and a large head.

Abruzzese Mastiff

The Abruzzese Mastiff is a large, powerful dog breed from central Italy’s mountainous regions. Bred as a working dog, the Abruzzese Mastiff is courageous and loyal, making them an excellent guard dog.

However, these massive dogs can weigh up to 200 pounds and stand over 30 inches tall at the shoulder. The thick, double coat is usually white with black or brown markings and requires weekly brushing to prevent matting.

American Mastiff

The American Mastiff is a large Guardian dog breed. They are very gentle with family and children but can be aloof with strangers. As their name suggests, they are American-bred and rare outside the United States.

And the average weight for an American Mastiff is between 150-250 pounds. They typically live 10-12 years.

Dutch Mastiff

The Dutch Mastiff, also known as the Boerboel, is a large, Molosser-type breed from South Africa. The name Boerboel comes from the Afrikaan word for farmer’s dog. This breed mixes several other breeds, including the Bullmastiff, Rhodesian Ridgeback, and English Mastiff. 

However, the Dutch Mastiff is a loyal and protective breed that makes a great family pet. They are relatively easy to train and are good with children.

Brazilian Mastiff

The Brazilian Mastiff, also called the Fila Brasileiro, is a large working breed developed in Brazil. 

Although, they were initially bred to catch and hold runaway slaves. They are now better known as loyal and loving family pets. These dogs are fiercely protective of their homes and families and make excellent guard dogs. 

However, they are also brilliant and trainable, though they can sometimes be stubborn. Brazilian Mastiffs typically weigh between 100 and 130 pounds and stand 24 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder.

Italian Mastiff

The Italian Mastiff, also known as the Cane Corso, is a large dog breed that originated in Italy. Though its exact origins are unknown, it is considered a descendant of the ancient Roman Molosser. The Italian Mastiff is a muscular and powerful dog known for its loyalty and protective nature. 

Therefore, this breed is not for everyone, as they require experienced owners who can provide them with firm, consistent training.

Korean Mastiff

The Korean Mastiff is also called the Dosa Inu. It is a large and ancient breed of dog that was once used for hunting wild boar.

Moreso, these dogs are still used for hunting in some parts of Korea. But they are also becoming popular as pets. The Korean Mastiff is a loyal and protective breed that makes a great family pet. However, they can be pretty stubborn and require firm training.

Neapolitan Mastiff

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a large, heavy, and imposing dog breed. That is considered to be one of the most ancient of all dogs. This breed is also known as the Mastino Napoletano, Italian Mastiff or Napoletano.

However, the Neapolitan Mastiff is a powerful and muscular dog. That is used today as a working dog, guard dog, and family companion.

Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff is a large, fluffy breed of dog from the Pyrenees mountains in France. They are known for being giants and making excellent family pets. They can be pretty stubborn, so training them can be challenging.

Therefore, if you’re looking for a big, cuddly dog to add to your family, the Pyrenean Mastiff might be the perfect breed!

Spanish Mastiff

Spanish Mastiffs are some of the oldest and most popular types of mastiff dog breeds. They were initially bred in Spain for hunting and guarding purposes.

Moreso, these dogs are large and powerful, with a short coat that can be either brindle or black. Spanish Mastiffs are loyal and protective, making them great family dogs. 

However, they require a lot of exercises and may not be the best breed for first-time dog owners.

Turkish Mastiff

The Turkish Mastiff is a large, working dog breed native to Turkey. These dogs are used for hunting and guarding and are known for their loyalty and courage. 

However, Turkish Mastiffs are large dogs, with males standing up to 30 inches tall at the shoulder. And females standing up to 28 inches tall.

Also, they have a thick, double coat that is either reddish-brown or tan in color. And they have large heads with floppy ears. Turkish Mastiffs are gentle giants and make great family pets.

Gaddi Kutta

Gaddi Kutta is one of the mastiff dog breed types native to the Himalayan region. They are large and powerful dogs that were initially bred for hunting. 

Today, they are still used for hunting in some parts of the world and make great family pets. Gaddi Kutta is loyal and protective, and they require a lot of exercise.

South African Mastiff

The South African Mastiff is a large, powerful dog initially bred for hunting and guarding. Today, they make great family pets and are known for being gentle giants. 

Although they are not as common as other mastiff breeds, they are still beloved by many. The South African Mastiff might be the perfect breed for you if you’re looking for a loyal and loving companion!

Sarabi Mastiff

The Sarabi Mastiff is a large, powerful dog initially bred in Africa. These dogs are known for their strength and size, and they make excellent guard dogs.

Sarabi Mastiffs are loyal and protective of their families, and they are also good with children. Therefore, the Sarabi Mastiff is an excellent choice if you’re looking for a big, strong dog to protect your home.

Anatolian Mastiff

The Anatolian Mastiff is a large, powerful, and imposing breed of dog from the Anatolia region of Turkey. The most distinguishing feature of this breed is its massive size; adult dogs typically weigh between 130 and 150 pounds.

Anatolian Mastiffs are also known for their calm and docile dispositions, making them excellent family pets. 

However, due to their large size and potential for aggression, they require experienced owners who can provide firm, consistent training.

Japanese Mastiff

The Japanese Mastiff, also known as the Tosa Inu. It is a large and powerful dog breed originally bred in Japan for dog fighting.

Additionally, these dogs are massive, with some males weighing over 200 pounds. They are considered among the most dangerous dog breeds worldwide due to their aggressive nature. 

However, they can be trained to be gentle and loving companions if they are adequately socialized from a young age.

Conclusion

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a large, heavy, and powerful dog breed. They are one of the most ancient types of mastiff dog breeds, dating back to the Roman Empire. The Cane Corso is another popular type of mastiff dog breed. 

However, these dogs are known for their athletic build and their loyalty. The English Mastiff is a gentle giant known for loving and protecting its family.

Therefore, if you’re looking for a big, loyal and loving companion, then one of these mastiff breeds may be right for you!

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